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Judicial reform

On March 1, 2014 the Heads of State and Government of the European Union and Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk signed the political part of the Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine.
Article 8 of the Agreement stipulates that the Parties shall cooperate in order to strengthen peace and international justice by ratifying and implementing the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998 and its corresponding instruments.
Article 14 of the Agreement also provides that cooperation between parties will be focused on strengthening the judiciary, increasing its efficiency, ensuring its independence and impartiality and the fight against corruption. Cooperation in justice, freedom and security will be based on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Main European standards in this field formed by the bodies of the Council of Europe (Ukraine is member of the organization since 1995). Unfortunately, Ukrainian justice system does not meet European standards.
This site makes it possible to monitor progress of Ukraine towards European standards

Related recommendations

Establish a body independent of the executive and legislature with an exclusive or lesser role in respect of appointments and (where relevant) promotions of judges.
Merge the High Council of Justice with the High Qualification Commission of Judges. However, if both the High Qualifications Commission and the HCJ were maintained, both have to be independent.
Provide for a substantial part, if not the majority, of members of the HCJ to be judges.
Eliminate the system that provides for involving political authorities such as the Parliament or the executive at any stage of the selection process (for the HCJ). All interference of the judicial hierarchies in the process should also be avoided.
Ensure that the non-judge members of the HCJ are selected among other outstanding jurists, university professors, with a certain length of professional service, or citizens of acknowledged status. Modern management of the judiciary might also require wider contributions from members experienced ...
Remove a member representing the Ministry of Justice from the High Qualification Commission of Judges.
Provide that the HCJ should operate as a permanently functioning body.
Guarantee the continuity of the HCJ’s activities. Its members should not all be replaced at the same time.